Fixing A Bug With The Standard Linux Kernel Scheduler


Over the past few weeks, some of our readers have encountered the standard Linux kernel scheduler error code. There are a number of factors that can cause this problem. We’ll cover them below. The Completely Fair Scheduler (CFS) is a process scheduler that was merged in 2.6. 23 (October 2007) Linux kernel released, which is the default scheduler. It manages the allocation of CPU resources for running processes and aims to maximize overall CPU utilization while maximizing interactive performance.



I / O schedulers try to increase throughput by rearranging access to requests in linear order based on logical data addresses and trying to group them together. While this can increase overall throughput, some I / O requests can wait too long and cause latency issues. I / O schedulers try to balance the need for high throughput by trying to evenly distribute I / O requirements among processes.

Different I / O planners took different approaches, and each had its own strengths and weaknesses. The general rule of thumb is that there is no one standard I / O scheduler that is ideal for all the I / O requirements that a system might face.

What Is The Core?

The kernel is an integral part of the operating system that managescomputer hardware and allows you to run and use the hardwareResources in general. Usually you should use materialresources.The following items are counted: (1) processors, (2) memory, and (3) input / output (I / O).Devices such as keyboards, hard drives, network cards, etc.sure.

The rough difference between an operating system and a kernel is that the operating system is the well as some useful utilities and applications such as administration toolsand graphical interfaces.

1.2 Solution

CPU time is divided by indicating how much time can be spent executingduring this period. We assign this “runtime” to each real-time group thatOther real-time groups should not be used.

Times not assigned to any real-time group are used to start at normal priority.Tasks (SCHED_OTHER). Unassigned assigned runtime will also be retrievedSCHED_OTHER.

Let’s take an example: a real-time still image renderer should provide 25Frames per second, which gives a period of 0.04 seconds per frame. Now say it tooneed to play music and respond to input, leaving around 80% CPUTime is devoted to graphics. We can then give this group a runtime of 0.8.* 0.04 s = 0.032 s.

Thus, a graphics group has a period of 0.04 seconds with a runtime of 0.032 seconds.Border. It’s ok if the audio stream needs to fill the DMA buffer every 0.005s, butit only requires about 3% of the processor time, you can get by with 0.03 * 0.005 s =0.00015 s. Therefore, a duration of 0.005 seconds and a run time can be scheduled for this group.from 0.00015s.

Remaining CPU time is used for user input and other tasks. becauseReal-time tasks explicitly allocate the CPU time required to completeYour tasks, additional buffer speeds in graphics or audio can be eliminated.

default linux kernel scheduler

NOTE. The above example has not yet been fully implemented. We still doThere is no EDF scheduler for using unequal time periods.



What is the scheduling policy Linux normally follow?

Which scheduling policy is default for RTOS?

The default is priority proactive scheduling with a time slicing algorithm. When using this algorithm, the task with the highest priority is executed first. However, if processing takes longer than the allotted time slot, the scheduler will execute the task with the next highest priority.

What is Noop IO scheduler?

Overview. The NOOP scheduler puts all incoming I / O requests into one FIFO queue and implements the pooling of requests. This scheduler is useful when it has been determined that the host should not attempt to reorder requests based on the sector numbers it contains.





Best Way To Fix Memory Leaks In


You should read these troubleshooting ideas if you want to avoid leaking error on your computer.

  1. Clean up unmanaged objects.
  2. Avoid fragmentation of large groups of objects.
  3. How to find memory leaks.



Find out what causes .Net memory leaks, how to recognize them, and how to avoid them in your applications

If you’ve developed C or C applications, you are no doubt familiar with memory leaks and their pitfalls. Although the .Net CLR ignores developer memory management, memory leaks can also occur in your .Net applications. This article explores the causes of memory leaks in .Net applications and how to detect them, as well as strategies that you can use to avoid them.

The first thing to be aware of is that memory leaks can occur on the managed heap, the unmanaged heap, and even the stack. Memory allocated on the stack is usually freedwaits after the method completes. However, there may be situations where your application uses the stack and the stack frame is never freed. Under such conditions, leakage from the wire bundle may occur.


.Net Common Language Runtime (CLR) allocates objects on the managed heap and releases them when the application no longer needs them. Note, however, that the runtime only releases unavailable heap managed objects. In other words, if your application has a reference to a managed heap object, the garbage collector (GC) will not clean up that object.

Free Objects Immediately

Therefore, the first rule is not to keep references to managed objects longer than necessary. While this does not look like a memory leak, if an application keeps references longer than necessary, memory usage increases and an out-of-memory exception may be thrown.

It is recommended to create and use objects with a local scope. After you’ve finished using the object, you can reset it to notify the GC that the object is no longer needed. Rule of thumb:Buy resources late and free them earlier.

Keep Track Of Workflows

Poor thread management can also lead to memory leaks. Since the garbage collector does not clear the stack, it is the developer’s responsibility to explicitly free worker threads that are no longer needed. Once your application is finished with worker threads, you need to shut it down.

Note that when working with multithreading, you should not rely on finalizers to clean up resources, since finalizers are not deterministic. Instead, you need to explicitly clean up resources by calling your own Dispose method. You should also avoid using Thread.Abort unless you have a specific reason to use it.

Another strategy you can use to prevent memory leaks on the thread stack is to limit the number of concurrent threads or use a thread pool for thread management.

Avoid Static Links

Note that objects referenced are static Objects are never freed from memory. This also applies to all objects that are indirectly referenced by a static field. These objects remain in memory for the lifetime of the application or until the static object is marked null, whichever comes first. This is because a location-related object is itself static.

The lesson is to avoid static links unless absolutely necessary. If you are using static links, carefully mark them with zero when they are no longer needed.

Clean Up Unmanaged Objects

While managed objects (at least those on the small object heap) are cleaned up by the garbage collector, unmanaged objects must be explicitly deallocated. If your application uses unmanaged objects such as file descriptors, database connection objects, and COM objects, for example, you must be very careful that they are cleaned up in your code, preferably using the Dispose . Note that calling finalizers in Execution time is not guaranteed.

Avoid Fragmentation Of Large Groups Of Objects

Managed memory can also leak if the heap is fragmented. The .Net runtime basically manages two different types of heap – Small Object Heap (SOH) and Large Object Heap (LOH). While small objects (typically less than 85 kilobytes) are allocated in SOH, larger objects are allocated in LOH. Unlike SOH, a large heap of objects is never compressed, so there is always the possibility of memory leaks due to skips. While there are ways to clean up the LOH, the developer must understand the cost of allocating memory for large objects. Check out my article on how to (not) use a bunch of large objects.

Memory Leak Detection

There are many tools to help you track object instances and descriptors and find memory leaks. These tools are some of the most popular:

  • ANTS Profile
  • dotTrace
  • GDIView
  • .Net Memory Profiler
  • WinDbg
  • The easiest way to determine the locationmemory loss (from heap, unmanaged heap, or stack) – use the Perfmon tool (included in the free Windows distribution) to check the following counters:

    • Private Processes / Bytes
  • .Net CLR memory / # bytes in all heaps
  • .Net CLR LocksAndThreads / # current logical thread
  • avoid memory leak in

    If you find that the process / private bytes are increasing, but the .Net CLR memory is not increasing, you can assume that the leak is happening in unmanaged memory. On the contrary, if you see both counters increasing, it is obvious that the memory leak is in managed memory.

    Understanding the internals of garbage collection and the intricacies of memory management can help you implement strategies to prevent memory leaks in .NET applications. While the intricacies of managed memory garbage collection are abstract for us, we can still take steps to avoid unnecessary memory consumption and storage requirements.

    Joydeep Kanjilal is a Microsoft MVP for ASP.Net, speaker and author of several books and articles. He has over 20 years of experiencework in IT, including over 16 years in Microsoft .Net and related technologies.

    Copyright © 2017 IDG Communications, Inc.

    If you’ve developed C or C applications, you are no doubt familiar with memory leaks and their pitfalls. Although the .Net CLR ignores developer memory management, memory leaks can also occur in your .Net applications. This article explores the causes of memory leaks in .Net applications and how to detect them, as well as strategies that you can use to avoid them.

    The first thing to be aware of is that memory leaks can occur in the managed heap, the unmanaged heap, and even the stack. Memory allocated on the stack is usually freed after the method completes. However, there may be situations where your application uses the stack and the stack frame is never freed. This state



    What causes memory leaks in C#?

    A memory leak occurs when an application is unable to free this memory, which prevents it from being reallocated. In managed code, the garbage collector keeps track of object references created by the application. Note that CLR garbage collection only collects managed objects.

    Where is memory leak in .NET application?

    Run the debug diagnostic tool, select Handle memory and leaks, and then click Next. Select the process in which you want to detect the memory leak. Finally, select “Activate Rule Now”. Now let the application start and the Debugdiag tool will start if there is a problem with the main audit memory.

    How do I find out what is causing my memory leak?

    One way to check for a memory leak is to hold down the Windows key and press the pause / pause key to access system properties. Click the Performance tab and check system resources to find out the percentage of free or available memory.





    How To Fix Windows 7b Installation Error


    You may have encountered an error message indicating a Windows 7b installation error. There are two different ways to solve this problem, and this is exactly what we will now look at. Causes of Inaccessible_Boot_Device Stop Error Missing, damaged, or faulty filter drivers related to the memory stack. File system corruption. Changes the storage controller mode or BIOS settings. Use a different memory controller than the one used when installing Windows.



  • 8 minutes to read.
  • This article provides steps to troubleshoot Stop 7B: Inaccessible_Boot_Device error. This error can appear after making certain changes to the computer or immediately after installing Windows on the computer.

    Reasons For This Error

    We know this error is caused by one of the following reasons:

    Download Available To Fully Fix Stop 7B Error

    Recommended: Download the Automatic Repair utility to resolve this and other PC performance issues.


    Virus-free certified secure boot. Editor’s choice of error tools.

    There is no specific reason for this error. Stop error 7B can be caused by several reasons. These include:

    • Boot sector viruses
  • Problems with the device driver
  • Incorrect Windows XP installation
  • Registry corruption
  • If you encounter this error code on your computer, it is recommended to fix it immediately, the moreThat is, it is a blue screen with fatal errors that can seriously damage your system. … This can lead to system crashes, crashes and loss of valuable data.

    windows installation error 7b

    We have listed the best PC repair solutions here for you to fix and fix Stop Error 7B.



    How do I fix 0x0000007B?

    Fix 1: Change Windows Configuration
    1. Step 1: Shut down your PC and restart your PC by pressing the Power button.> Press F2 while the PC starts up.
    2. Step 2: Enter BIOS and change “SATA Operation” to “Advanced” from AHCI to ATA.
    3. Step 3: Save changes by choosing “Yes”.

    How do I fix a blue screen when installing Windows 7?

    Check for hard drive problems:
    1. Click Start.
    2. Access your computer.
    3. Right click on the main drive where Windows 7 is installed and select Properties.
    4. Go to the Tools tab and click Check Now in the Error Checking section.
    5. Select Automatically fix file system errors and Scan for bad sectors and try to repair them.
    6. Click Start.

    How do I fix a blue screen on Windows XP?

    To do this, follow these steps:
    1. Restart your computer.
    2. Press F8 several times before the Windows XP logo appears, but after the BIOS screen (manufacturer’s logo and / or system information screen)
    3. When the boot options screen appears, select Last Known Good Configuration (Advanced).
    4. Press the Enter key.





    Solving Svchost.exe Problem In Windows XP


    If you are facing svchost.exe window xp error on your computer, it is worth reading these troubleshooting ideas.

    svchost.exe is an umbrella program for many different Windows processes. Stopping svchost.exe can cause problems with your computer. If it uses a lot of CPU or causes high network traffic for a long time, there may be a memory leak, a virus, or you may need to reinstall some software.



    What If Windows Update Is Causing High CPU Usage?

    For reference, it is not uncommon for svchost.exe to run for hours at 100%, 50%, or 25% CPU utilization as this host process is usually associated with the Windows Update service. In this case, you must let the process run until the task is complete.This is especially true for Windows 7 because there is literallyHundreds of updates to download after reinstalling Windows.

    So, if you’ve been running the svchost.exe process (associated with Windows Update) for 2-4 hours and nothing has changed, it might be a faulty Windows Update service. This is a very common and confusing problem even after reinstalling Windows. In this case, I suggest you refer to myThe Windows Update article will not be updated to provide a possible solution. If you are really stuck with this problem you canContact me for more help.

    Fix High SVCHOST CPU Usage

    svchost.exe window xp

    Now that you have figured out which process is using your entire processor, we can move on to fixing nmalfunction. If you have determined that it is not a Windows process such as B. Windows Update or Windows Firewall, etc., just end the process and uninstall the program.

    However, in most cases, this issue is related to the Windows process. In this case, it is best to get the latest updates from the Microsoft website. If you normally cannot do this on Windows, restart your computer in Safe Mode and try again.

    If you can access the Services tab as described above, right-click the service and select Disable. Even if it’s Windows Update or Firewall, don’t worry, you can turn it back on later. Then restart your computer, go to the Microsoft website and manually download the updates. Reactivate the service and restart your computer. I hope everything works out!

    To disable a service in Windows, right-click it in the Services tab and select Properties.


    Then select Disabled from the Startup Type dropdown in the middle of the dialog:


    I went through this process several times and it worked for me. So first turn off the service, restart your computer, then manually install updates, re-enable the service and restart your computer. If that doesn’t work, you’ll need to perform a Windows repair install. Search Google for the recovery installation and follow the instructions. If you are using Windows 8, you can update your computer. If you have any questions, please leave a comment. Enjoy!



    How do I fix svchost exe?

    Solution 2: Find and disable the service that is causing the svchost high cpu issue.

    1. Press the Ctrl Alt Del key combination at the same time and open the Task Manager.
    2. On the Processes tab, select the Show processes from all users check box.
    3. Right-click the heavy-use svchost.exe process and select Go to Services.

    Is Svchost Exe necessary?

    The svchost.exe file (service host) is an essential system process hosted by Microsoft on Windows operating systems. Under normal circumstances, the svchost file is not a virus, but an essential component for a number of Windows services. The purpose of svchost.exe, as the name suggests, is to host services.





    Repair Steps Cannot Be Installed Directly X10


    If you receive an error message “Can’t install Direct X 10,” this article is for you.

    1. Install the previous version of DirectX.
    2. Reinstall the drivers for your video card.
    3. Reinstall one of the previous updates.
    4. Download Visual C Redistributables.
    5. Load the missing DLL files.
    6. Make sure you meet the recommended system requirements.
    7. Install DirectX from the command line.





    Milan Stanojevic

    Assistant Editor

    unable to install directX

    DirectX is an essential component of Windows 10 and is required for many multimedia applications. However, DirectX errors can sometimes appear on Windows 10, and today we are going to show you how to fix them.

    What Is DirectX?

    DirectX is a collection of programs and techniques needed to work with Windows 10 devices, handle multimedia video, and more. And if you are an avid 3D, gamer or designer, DirectX will become an essential part of your Windows 10 PC.

    And as I said, DirectX is a suite of software tools, so bugs and problems can occur. So keep calm and follow the fixes below to get rid of DirectX errors on Windows 10.

    Solution 1: Make Sure The System Requirements Are Met

    First, as you can imagine, not all computers can properly install DirectX Windows 10. You must meet the system requirements.

    If you can’t make sure your system is suitable for reinstalling DirectX, you’ll see why you can’t install DirectX for Windows 10.

    To install DirectX correctly, you must meet all of the following conditions:

    1. Your Windows system must be at least 32-bit Windows 7.

    2. The video card is compatible with your version of DirectX.

    3. The RAM and CPU are large enough.

    4. .NET Framework 4 is installed on your computer.

    To check these properties, all you have to do is right-click “This PC” and select “Properties.”

    Then all system properties are displayed.

    Only when all of these requirements are met can you reinstall DirectX Windows 10 without any problems. However, if DirectX Windows 10 cannot be installed on your computer, you may need to take additional steps. to fix DirectX error.

    Solution 2: Check Your DirectX Version On Windows 10

    Do I need to install DirectX on Windows 10? This is what is usually asked for. However, you may not know that Windows 10 comes with DirectX 12 preinstalled on your computer. If you want to uninstallDirectX for your PC and then reinstalling it, this failed on Windows 10.

    In such cases, you should run dxdiag to check your DirectX version and then try other reinstallation methods.

    1. Search for dxdiag in the search box and press Enter to access the DirectX Diagnostic Tool.

    2. Then you can find the Windows 10 DirectX version on your computer in the System tab. Here DirectX 12.

    If you checked your version of DirectX and wanted to install it yourself but were unable to reinstall DirectX on Windows 10, the following methods may be helpful.

    Related Topics: DirectX Download for Windows 10, 8, 7 (Complete Instructions)

    Solution 3: Update Your Graphics Driver To Repair DirectX

    It is said that outdated or corrupted display drivers can prevent DirectX from installing on Windows 10. Since Windows 10 DirectX is tightly tied to multimedia applications, the graphics card is no exception.

    To get the latest graphics driver, such as an Intel graphics driver, you can take full advantage of Device Manager, a tool fromcontrolling device drivers built into Windows systems. If you cannot install DirectX Windows 7, you can also use this tool.

    1. Open Device Manager.

    2. In Device Manager, locate and expand “Graphics Cards” and right-click the graphics card driver to update the driver.

    3. Then select “Automatically check for updated drivers.”

    Here you can see that this is Intel HD Graphics 520.

    Windows Device Manager searches the Internet for the current display driver and automatically installs it on Windows 10.

    With the newly installed graphics card driver, you can also reinstall DirectX for Windows 10 to see if you end up in the DirectX Redistributable Package to reinstall Windows 10 this time

    Solution 4: Download The Visual C Redistributable

    As you know, the Visual C Redistributable is an essential component of Windows 10 DirectX. Therefore, if reinstalling DirectX fails, it is recommended that you reinstall the Visual C Redistributable For Windows 10.

    1. Go to the Microsoft website to download the Visual C Redistributable Package.

    2. Select the desired download.

    For 64-bit Windows, click here to get vc.redist.x64.exe. For 32-bit Windows 10, select vc.redist.x86.exe.

    cant install direct x 10

    Then choose a location for the downloaded package.

    Then you can try reinstalling DirectX for Windows 10 to see if it works. Here’s another easy way: automatically download and install the Microsoft Visual C Redistributable Package.

    Solution 5: Reinstall .NET Framework 4 To Fix DirectX That Won’t Install Windows 10.

    To fix DirectX not installing the error, you should try to install another important piece of DirectX for your PC, namely NET Framework 4.

    This could also be one of the reasons Windows 10 was unable to properly reinstall DirectX.

    You can install .NET Framework 4 from the command line.

    1. Go to a command prompt and right-click the output to run it as administrator.

    2. On the command line, copy and paste the following The next command and press Enter to run it.

    DISM / Online / Enable-Feature / FeatureName: NetFx3 / All / LimitAccess / Source: D: sourcessxs

    If you installed NET Framework 4 on Windows 10 after running the above command, the DirectX install error will also go away and you can install it on Windows 10 if you want

    In general, DirectX 9, 12, 13 are required on Windows 10. However, if you cannot install DirectX, you should go to these solutions and try them one by one until DirectX is installed – fixed.

    More articles:

    Unknown DirectX error in League of Legends



    How do I install DirectX?

    How do I reinstall DirectX on Windows 10?

    Enter dxdiag in the search box and click that application in the list.

    1. After a moment, a pop-up window will appear showing the version of DirectX installed in the System tab.
    2. After that, you can install it and restart your computer to check if DirectX errors are fixed or not.

    Can you install DirectX 11 on Windows 10?

    Enter dxdiag in the search box and click that application in the list.

    1. After a moment, a pop-up window will appear showing the version of DirectX installed in the System tab.
    2. After that, you can install it and restart your computer to check if DirectX errors are fixed or not.





    UPDATE: Chkdsk / F Parameter Is Not Valid


    Sometimes your system may display an error stating that the chkdsk / f parameter is invalid. This problem can be caused by a number of reasons.

    Filtered. DOS / Windows error message indicating that DOS does not understand the command line. This indicates that the switch is not being used correctly. When entering path names, you must use a backslash (\), not a forward slash (/).



    Protect yourself from fraud with technical support Learn more …

    However, every time I type chkdsk / p, I get an invalid parameter – / p

    This is because the / P parameter is not valid for chkdsk. Are you typing chkdsk /? at the command line to display valid switches.

    26 people found this answer helpful

    A ·

    Was this answer helpful to you?

    Sorry it didn’t help.

    Great! Thank you for your opinion.

    How satisfied are you with this answer?

    chkdsk /f parameter is invalid

    Thanks for the comments. This helps us to improve our site.

    How satisfied are you with this answer?

    Thanks for the comments.

    How To Manage The List Of Print Directories In Windows XP?


    If you want to manually print the contents of the directory to a file: click Start, Run, type cmd and press Enter. Change to the appropriate directory. Enter Dir / b> C: list.



    Added the “Print directory” context menu item for the file system.Follow these steps to create folders:

    • Download and save it to your desktop.
    • Extract Printdir.bat and Printdir.reg from the zip file.
    • Save Printdir.bat in the Windows folder
    • Right-click the Printdir.reg file and select Merge.

    After merging the content with the registry, it is no longer needed.reg (however, Printdir.bat must be present.) You can customize printdir.bataccording to your needs. To print directory lists to a file,Edit the .bat file with Notepad and remove the / p argument.

    print directory listing in windows xp

    If you want to manually print the contents of the directory to a file:

    • Click Start, Run, type cmd and press Enter.
    • Change to the appropriate directory.
    • Enter Dir /b>C:list.txtÂ


    [“/ s” for subdirectoriesSEO. Are you typing /? for additional command line parameters]

    • Open C: List.txt in an editor and print the contents.

    Hey, What About Command Line Printing?

    Yes, if you want to work from the command line In short, you can simply type printdir.bat (if you created a batch file) at the command line, or type the following command:

    directory / -p / o: gn>% temp% Listing | start / w notepad / p% temp% Listing

    The command is similar to the one we used in the Printdir.bat file, except that the command with the “|” Symbols (above the Enter key while holding down the Shift key).

    C “|” (SHIFT above Enter) you can run two commands at the same time. The list file is overwritten each time you run it, so you don’t have to worry about deleting it.


    Fix It For Me

    To fix this problem automatically, click the Fix it button or link. In the File Download dialog box, click Run and follow the instructions in the recovery wizard.

    I’ll Fix It Myself

    Follow these steps to add the Print Directory feature to Windows Explorer:



    How do I print a directory listing in Windows?

    Print the contents of a folder in Windows 10 using the command line
    1. Open a command prompt. To do this, click Start, type CMD and right-click Run as administrator.
    2. Replace the directory with the folder you want to print the contents of.
    3. Type the following command and press Enter: dir> list.txt.

    How do I print a directory?

    1. DOS Command
    1. Launch Command Prompt by opening the main menu (Windows key X) and choosing Command Prompt. Use the cd command to change to the directory you want to print.
    2. Enter directory> print. SMS.
    3. Press Enter and exit the command line.
    4. Go to the same folder in File Explorer and you should see a printout.

    How do I search for a file in Windows XP?

    To find files or folders on your computer, follow these steps:
    1. Click Start -> Find -> For files or folders.
    2. In the left pane of the search results window, click All files and folders.
    3. Enter or select one or all of the search criteria.
    4. Click on the search button.





    How To Fix Converting To Fat32 Without Data Loss?


    This guide will help you if you notice the conversion to fat32 without data loss. Step 1: Press Windows X and select Disk Management. Step 2: Right-click the highlighted partition and select Shrink Volume. Step 3: Enter the size you want to reduce and select “Reduce”. Step 4. After reducing the space, format the disk to FAT32 and move the data from NTFS to the new FAT32 partition.



    FAT32 and NTFS are two common file systems used by the operating system. Although FAT32 is an older version of the file system, it is still popular on many devices. Devices like the PS3 still support FAT32, unlike the newer NTFS.

    As a result, many people are often stuck in situations where they have to convert NTFS to FAT32 on a hard disk partition. If you are facing a similar situation, this blog will help you. We have compiled a list of the most efficient methods to convert NTFS to FAT32 without losing your valuable data.

    Why Convert NTFS To FAT32 On Windows?

    Before you know how to migrate from NTFS to FAT32, you should have a short description.Understand them.

    NTFS and FAT32 are different file systems that Windows can use to read data from the hard drive.Partition. FAT32 is an older file system than NTFS, so it has a higherCompatibility between various operating systems such as Linux, Mac, XBOX One, PS3, PS4,3DS and so on. As a result, it is popular with external hard drives like WD My.Passport and USB Keys. However, a FAT32 formatted partition cannot do this.Save one file over 4 GB in size.

    In general, NTFS is better suited for system partitions because it contains manyExtended properties for the Windows operating system. So on the contrary, someone wants to convert FAT32 to NTFS. Although FAT32 has inherent limitations, many users are looking for a way to convert NTFS to FAT32.

    Method 1. Format NTFS On Windows

    to FAT32

    If the NTFS partition does not contain important data, you can format it to change the file system to FAT32. If the NTFS partition still contains the payload, can you move all the data to another partition and then format it to the FAT32 file system?

    How to format NTFS to FAT32 on Windows?

    1. On all Windows operating systems, you can format the partition to convert to FAT32 as follows:

    Open My Computer> right-click the NTFS partition and select the Format option> select the FAT32 file system and click the Start button

    2. You can also format an NTFS partition to FAT32 in Disk Management as follows:

    convert to fat32 without losing data

    Right-click My Computer> click Manage> select Disk Management> right-click the NTFS partition and select the Format option> select it FAT32 File System and click OK to confirm the format

    3. You can run diskpart.exe to format the NTFS partition as follows: click start> run> type diskpart.exe and press enter> enter disk list and press enter> enter select disk … x (x refers to the number of the disk you want to format, e.g. disk 0, disk 1) and press Enter> type volume list and press Enter> type format fs = fat32 label = Volume label quickly and press Enter

    4. Without the built-in Windows formatter, you can use a Windows formatter. There are many formatting tools that claim to provide an easy solution for converting partitions between NTFS and FAT32…

    After formatting is complete, the partition file system can be replaced with the FAT32 file system, but all data on this partition will also be permanently deleted.

    Method2. Change NTFS Via Partition

    to FAT32 File System

    You can repartition your hard drive in Windows to change the file system from NTFS to FAT32. First, you need to open Disk Management on your computer and then delete the NTFS partition to replace it with unallocated space. Then you can use the unallocated space to create a new volume. When creating a new volume, you will be prompted to format the partition so that you can format the new partition for the FAT32 file system.

    This method is available on all Windows platforms, including Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, and 10.

    Method 3: Convert NTFS Partition To FAT32 Without Data Loss

    The above two methods can convert NTFS to FAT32 easily, but all data will be deleted at the same time. In other words, you will lose all of your data without prior warning. backup building.
    It is highly recommended to use IM-Magic Partition Resizer to convert a partition from NTFS to FAT32. It is a magical partitioning tool that can convert NTFS to FAT32 without deleting any data from the partition. With this tool, you don’t need to format the partition, but you can complete the conversion in just a few steps.

    >> Step-by-Step Guide to Partition Conversion – Converting NTFS to FAT32



    Does formatting to fat32 delete everything?

    Convert exFAT to FAT32 Windows 7 with exFAT to FAT32 converter
    1. Download, install and run AOMEI Partition Assistant. Right-click the partition of the drive you want to click and select Format Partition.
    2. Then select the FAT32 file system in the pop-up window.
    3. After that, it returns to the main interface.

    How do I convert a file system without losing data?

    Method 1. Convert FAT to NTFS without data loss [automatically]
    1. Step 1: Install and run EaseUS Partition Master on your computer.
    2. Step 2: Select the FAT32 partition, right-click it and choose “Convert to NTFS”.
    3. Step 3: Click “OK” on the pop-up dialog box to continue.

    Is exFAT the same as fat32?

    FAT32 is an older file system that is not as efficient as NTFS and does not support as many features, but provides better compatibility with other operating systems. exFAT is a modern replacement for FAT32 u2014 and is supported by more devices and operating systems than NTFS u2014, but not nearly as widespread as FAT32.





    Need To Get Rid Of Blue Screen After Error Checking Issues


    If a blue screen appears after checking your computer for errors, use these troubleshooting methods. If Microsoft Windows detects a condition that prevents the normal functioning of the system, the system will shut down. This state is known as error checking. It is also commonly referred to as a system crash, kernel crash, shutdown failure, or BSOD. This error could have been caused by a hardware device, its driver, or related software.



  • 3 minutes to read.
  • When Microsoft Windows detects a condition that prevents the normal functioning of the system, the system shuts down. This state is known as error checking. It is also commonly referred to as a system crash, kernel crash, shutdown failure, or BSOD. This error could have been caused by a hardware device, its driver, or related software.

    If crash dumps are enabled on the system, a crash dump file is generated.

    If the kernel debugger is connected and running, the system will trigger an interrupt so that you can use the debugger to investigate the failure.

    If the debugger is not connected, a blue text screen is displayed with error information. This screen is called blue screen, error check screen, stop screen, or BSOD.

    blue screen after bugcheck

    The exact appearance of the error checking screen depends on the cause of the error. Here is an example of a screen for checking possible errors:

      STOP: 0x00000079 (0x00000002, 0x00000001, 0x00000002, 0x00000000)Inconsistent kernel and hal image.Start physical memory dumptyPhysical memory dump completed. Contact your system administrator ortechnical support group. 

    On the other hand, some blue screens look like this:

      STOP: c000021a {fatal system error}The system process of the Windows logon process exited unexpectedly withstate 0x00000001 (0x00000000 0x00000000).The system was closed. 

    What Are The Causes Of Stop Errors?

    Stop error will show up as a blue screen with the name of the faulty driver, for example. B. one of the following sample drivers:

    • atikmpag.sys
    • igdkmd64.sys
    • nvlddmkm.sys

    There is no simple explanation for what causes stop errors (also known as blue screen or error checking errors). Many different factors can be involved. However, various studies show that Stop errors are not usually caused by Microsoft Windows components. Instead, these errors are usually associated with faulty hardware drivers or drivers installed by third-party software. This includes video cards, wireless network cards, programs, etc.

    Our root cause analysis shows that:

    • 70% is related to third party driver code.
    • 10% are related to hardware problems.
    • 5% related to Microsoft code
    • 15% have unknown causes (because the memory is too corrupted to analyze)

    Fix Blue Screen Update Error On Windows 10

    Blue screen errors can occur when upgrading to a newer version of Windows 10, which can occur for many reasons. This could be due to a compatibility issue with an old program or security software. Or it could be due to corrupted files in the current installation or corrupted installation media – just to name a few.

    If an error occurs, changes made to the previous installation are usually canceled by the installer for no reason.

    If you encounter errors while installing Windows 10, uninstalling unnecessary apps, removing corrupted downloads, disabling non-essential devices, or even reinstalling the operating system can fix the problem.



    How do I fix blue screen on startup?

    To fix Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) errors in Windows 7, you can try one of the following tips:
    1. Tip 1: System Restore.
    2. Tip 2: Install updates.
    3. Tip 3. Install the latest drivers.
    4. Tip 4: check for hard drive errors.
    5. Check for hard drive problems:
    6. Check for memory problems:
    7. Tip 5: get started repairing.
    8. Fix # 1: Hard Drive Cable.

    What causes blue screen crash dump?

    To fix Blue Screen of Death (BSoD) errors in Windows 7, you can try one of the following tips:
    1. Tip 1: System Restore.
    2. Tip 2: Install updates.
    3. Tip 3. Install the latest drivers.
    4. Tip 4: check for hard drive errors.
    5. Check for hard drive problems:
    6. Check for memory problems:
    7. Tip 5: get started repairing.
    8. Fix # 1: Hard Drive Cable.

    How do I check my blue screen error?

    To do this:
    1. On the left side of the window, select Windows Logs.
    2. You will see several subcategories. If you select one of these categories, a series of event logs will appear in the center of the screen.
    3. All BSOD errors are listed as “errors”.
    4. Double-click any bugs you find to investigate them.





    Fixed: Repair Fails To Delete File On Windows.


    If you find that the file cannot be deleted in the Windows error code, today’s blog post is written to help you.

    1. Go to Start, type Task Manager and select Task Manager to open it.
    2. Find the application that is currently using the file and select End task.
    3. Then try deleting the file on your Windows PC again.



    You can try deleting files that cannot be deleted in Windows 10 from the command line

    1. You can press Windows R keys on your keyboard, type cmd and press Ctrl Shift Enter to launch Windows Command Prompt as administrator.

    can t delete a file in windows

    2. Then enter the file name del / f at the command prompt and press Enter to force the file to be deleted in Windows 10 using CMD.

    Reason 1: The File Is Using ACL

    You may not be able to delete a file if it uses an Access Control List (ACL). To resolve this issue, change the file permissions. You may need to take ownership of the files to change permissions.

    Administrators have the implicit ability to own a file even if they have not been given explicit permission to access the file. File owners have the implicit ability to change file permissions even if they have not been given explicit file permissions. Thus, you may need to own the file, give yourself permission to delete the file, and then delete the file.

    Method 1. Close Applications

    Often a problem with a file that is notUnable to delete, may be caused by the application that is currently using the file. You may not be aware that this software does this, but the easiest way to fix this problem is to close all open applications on your computer.

    When everything doesn’t work, try deleting the file and hopefully you find that it will now disappear without further issue.

    Method 2. Close Windows Explorer.

    While closing all your applications often helps, it’s also possible that Windows Explorer, also known as File Explorer, is frozen.

    To close this, you need to open the Task Manager (right click on the taskbar and select it from the context menu) and scroll down until you find Windows Explorer. Right-click it, then choose End Task from the menu.

    Method 3. Restart Windows.

    Before delving into more advanced methods, try restarting your computer as well. This is hardly scientific, but from time to time applications or even Windows itself can enter a strange state that affects its performance y. In many cases, a quick restart can solve these problems.

    Method 4. Use Safe Mode.

    If you don’t like any of the above methods, the next step is to use Safe Mode in Windows. In this case, only the operating system itself and a minimum of files and drivers are loaded. If the file you want to delete is locked in some way, it can be made available again in Safe Mode.

    Follow the instructions for starting Windows 10 in safe mode for more information. If you are using Windows 7, just restart your computer and keep pressing F8 while restarting.

    Now go to the file and try to delete it. If things go well, he should accept his ban without complaint.

    Method 5. Use Software To Uninstall The Software.

    If the file remains permanently indelible, it may be time to purchase a third-party application that specializes in this area. Some options are File Assassin, Long Path Tool, and Microsoft’s Process Explorer.

    The last one is the imppaid and widely known as an excellent file removal tool for unlocking. Download and install Process Explorer on your computer.

    Run the application and you will see a window very similar to the standard Windows Explorer. Go to File in the upper left corner and select Show details of all processes.

    You can now scroll through the list until you find the file. However, the quickest way to do this is to click the Find option in the menu bar at the top of the window and then select Find Handle or select DLL.

    Enter a filename in the search bar and click Search. When the file name appears, click it and the details will open in another Process Explorer window.

    Now right-click on the file list in the Process Explorer window and you have two options: close handle and properties.

    Select Close Handle and the application will unlock the file with. You may need to repeat this last step if the file is in more than one application.

    Once this is done, you can permanently delete the file.

    If youIf you want to clean up your hard drive even more, check out How to remove duplicate files in Windows and uninstall programs in Windows 10.



    How do I force delete a file in Windows 10?

    To do this, first open the Start Menu (Windows key), type run and press Enter. In the dialog box that appears, type cmd and press Enter again. In the open command line, enter the filename del / f, where filename is the name of the file (s) (you can specify multiple files with commas) you want to delete.

    How do I force delete a locked file in Windows?

    How to delete a locked file in Windows 10
    1. Find the folder you want to delete.
    2. Download Process Explorer from the Microsoft website and click OK on the pop-up window.
    3. Double click on processsexp64 to extract the file.
    4. Select “Extract All”.
    5. Click the Open button.
    6. Double click the procxp64 application to open it.
    7. Select Run.